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BPN769: Acousto-Optic Modulation of Brain Activity: Novel Techniques for Optogenetic Stimulation and Imaging

Project ID BPN769
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Start Date Wed 2014-Aug-13 09:08:41
Last Updated Wed 2014-Aug-13 15:36:44
Abstract One of the fundamental challenges in monitoring and modulating central nervous system activity is the lack of tools for non-invasive interrogation of local neuronal ensembles simultaneously in different regions of the brain. Despite recent advances in neural modulation techniques, including a rapidly expanding optogenetic and imaging toolset, still we lack a robust, minimally-invasive optogenetic stimulation platform. The ability to independently deliver light to multiple, highly- localized regions of the brain would drastically improve in vivo optogenetic experiments. Illuminating a large volume of brain using light sources above the brain surface does not provide the requisite spatial resolution, and since the intensity diminishes rapidly, only a small fraction of target neurons in the vicinity of the light source (~200 Ám) will be excited. Increasing the light source power, on the other hand, results in the generation of excessive heat in the brain and the potential for tissue damage. In this project, we use specially designed up converting nanocrystal particles (UCNP) to deliver light locally to neurons. We use an acoustic-optics modality to deliver and steer light in the brain from outside without causing damage to the brain tissue.
Status New
Funding Source Tri-Institutional Brain R&D Initiative
IAB Research Area BioMEMS
Researcher(s) Maysam Chamanzar
Advisor(s) Michel M. Maharbiz
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