Name: 
 

Facial



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

1. 

The first step in a facial cleansing procedure is makeup removal or cleansing, and the last step is the application of a/an:
a.
treatment cream
c.
enzyme peel
b.
tonic lotion
d.
exfoliant
 

2. 

Face wash is best used on clients with:
a.
dry skin
c.
oily or combination skin
b.
mature skin
d.
wrinkled skin
 

3. 

The best facial cleanser for very dry or mature skin is:
a.
soap and water
c.
face wash
b.
cleansing lotion
d.
cleansing cream
 

4. 

A facial product that restores the skin's natural pH after cleansing is:
a.
treatment cream
c.
tonic lotion
b.
emollient
d.
gommage
 

5. 

Among tonic lotions, the lowest alcohol content is found in:
a.
exfoliants
c.
astringents
b.
toners
d.
fresheners
 

6. 

The highest alcohol content in tonic lotions is found in:
a.
ethyl alcohol
c.
tonics
b.
fresheners
d.
astringents
 

7. 

An exfoliant is used in the process of peeling and shredding the:
a.
horny layer of skin
c.
hair follicles
b.
adipose layer
d.
dermal layer
 

8. 

Almond meal or jojoba bead scrubs are products used for:
a.
custom-designed masks
c.
mechanical exfoliation
b.
chemical exfoliation
d.
gommage
 

9. 

In microdermabrasion, aluminum chloride and other crystals are directed at the skin in order to:
a.
rub the dead cells off
c.
abrade the stratum corneum
b.
break down keratin
d.
dissolve surface skin cells
 

10. 

Substances in enzyme peels that help speed up the breakdown of keratin, the protein in skin, are:
a.
salicylic acid
c.
aluminum chloride
b.
alphahydroxy acids
d.
keratolytic enzymes
 

11. 

Exfoliants that form a hardened crust on the skin that is then “rolled” off are often called:
a.
vegetable peels
c.
powdered enzymes
b.
microdermabrasion
d.
gommage
 

12. 

A type of enzyme peel that stays soft during application rather than drying to a crust uses:
a.
oatmeal granules
c.
a powdered enzyme
b.
plant-derived acids
d.
a cream solution
 

13. 

A group of exfoliants called alphahydroxy acids are derived largely from:
a.
beef by-products
c.
fruits
b.
gastric acids
d.
quaternary compounds
 

14. 

If a client does not first use an alphahydroxy product at home for two weeks, an alphahydroxy exfoliation in the salon may:
a.
have no effect
c.
cause discomfort
b.
exfoliate too deeply
d.
cause an allergic reaction
 

15. 

Nourishing creams, also called treatment creams, are designed for use:
a.
twice a week
c.
during the night
b.
at the end of a facial
d.
under makeup
 

16. 

Moisturizers contain an ingredient that helps the skin retain:
a.
oil
c.
vitamins
b.
water
d.
collagen
 

17. 

One feature of facial masks is that they:
a.
provide complete closure to the environment
b.
are all applied over gauze
c.
remain soft and creamy on the skin
d.
are applied before cleansing
 

18. 

Paraffin masks:
a.
get warmer as they set
c.
have no treatment properties
b.
contain kaolin or silica
d.
absorb sebum
 

19. 

Clay masks stimulate circulation, temporarily contract the pores, and:
a.
grow warmer as they set
c.
are ready to use
b.
harden to a candle-like consistency
d.
contain sulfur
 

20. 

A type of facial mask that both warms up and cools down on the skin is the:
a.
clay mask
c.
paraffin mask
b.
custom-designed mask
d.
modelage mask
 

21. 

Masks containing sulfur have a beneficial effect in:
a.
treating dry, mature skin
c.
sealing moisture into the skin
b.
stimulating sebum production
d.
reducing sebum production
 

22. 

To keep paraffin and gypsum/plaster masks from sticking to the skin, you may use:
a.
powder
c.
gauze
b.
oil
d.
plastic wrap
 

23. 

Highly concentrated extracts in a water or oil base in single doses are contained in:
a.
tubes
c.
ampules
b.
droppers
d.
packs
 

24. 

Facials may be given to clients with any of the following except:
a.
moles
c.
freckles
b.
acne
d.
diabetes
 

25. 

The massage movement called effleurage is applied in a:
a.
light, slow, rhythmic manner without pressure
b.
light pinching manner
c.
deep rolling manner with pressure
d.
heavy tapping manner
 

26. 

The portion of the muscle at the fixed attachment to an immovable section of the skeleton is the:
a.
point
c.
origin
b.
joint
d.
insertion
 

27. 

The massage movement called petrissage consists largely of:
a.
slapping
c.
kneading
b.
rubbing
d.
tapping
 

28. 

Because massage increases circulation, it should not be performed on clients with:
a.
dry skin
c.
high blood pressure
b.
wrinkled skin
d.
muscle aches
 

29. 

The cosmetologist is not licensed to massage such areas as the:
a.
upper chest
c.
leg below the knee
b.
leg above the knee
d.
below the neck
 

30. 

Friction in massage requires the use of:
a.
deep rubbing movements
c.
light stroking movements
b.
slapping movements
d.
shaking movements
 

31. 

Mastering massage techniques requires knowledge of anatomy and:
a.
chemistry
c.
histology
b.
psychology
d.
physiology
 

32. 

Deeper stimulation of the muscles, nerves, and skin glands is produced by:
a.
tapotement
c.
vibration
b.
effleurage
d.
petrissage
 

33. 

The massage movement called tapotement, or percussion, is a:
a.
vibratory movement
c.
tapping movement
b.
squeezing movement
d.
friction movement
 

34. 

Friction movements include chucking, rolling, and:
a.
shaking
c.
wringing
b.
slapping
d.
hacking
 

35. 

You can cause contraction of a muscle if you apply pressure or stimulation to a point on the skin over that muscle, called a:
a.
motor point
c.
belly
b.
motor nerve
d.
sensory nerve
 

36. 

To relax the client early in the massage treatment, perform a few manipulations on the proper:
a.
joints
c.
origins
b.
motor points
d.
insertions
 

37. 

A ____ massage is recommended to keep normal skin in optimal condition.
a.
daily
c.
monthly
b.
annual
d.
weekly
 

38. 

A kneading movement used mainly on the arms is:
a.
rolling
c.
hacking
b.
wringing
d.
fulling
 

39. 

A type of percussion movement performed only on the back, shoulders, and arms is:
a.
hacking
c.
fulling
b.
chucking
d.
tapping
 

40. 

Of the various massage manipulations, tapotement, or percussion, is:
a.
highly relaxing
c.
gentlest
b.
the most stimulating
d.
most soothing
 

41. 

You should begin and end each massage with:
a.
vibration
c.
friction
b.
tapotement
d.
effleurage
 

42. 

In a plain facial, removing makeup follows:
a.
draping the client
c.
cleansing the face
b.
the client consultation
d.
the skin analysis
 

43. 

Two electrodes, one negative and one positive, are required by all the modalities used in the salon except for:
a.
faradic
c.
sinusoidal
b.
galvanic
d.
high frequency
 

44. 

An electrode is an applicator for directing ____ to the skin from a machine.
a.
light rays
c.
electric current
b.
chemicals
d.
treatment creams
 

45. 

A positive electrode can be distinguished from a negative electrode by the fact that it:
a.
is called a cathode
c.
has a black plug and cord
b.
is marked with a “P” or plus sign
d.
is marked with an “N” or a minus sign
 

46. 

When galvanic current is used, the electrode that is not used on the client's face is the:
a.
negative electrode
c.
passive electrode
b.
positive electrode
d.
active electrode
 

47. 

Grease deposits and blackheads are softened and emulsified in the follicles in a process called:
a.
iontophoresis
c.
desincrustation
b.
anaphoresis
d.
ultraviolet therapy
 

48. 

One electric current used during a facial to tone the facial muscles is the:
a.
galvanic current
c.
faradic current
b.
infrared ray
d.
high-frequency current
 

49. 

Acne-prone skin can benefit from the application of:
a.
faradic current
c.
galvanic current
b.
high-frequency current
d.
sinusoidal current
 

50. 

A notable feature of the high-frequency current is that as the air around the glass facial electrode vibrates, it emits:
a.
orange sparks
c.
violet sparks
b.
red sparks
d.
white sparks
 

51. 

In a direct surface application of high-frequency current, when applying and removing the electrode from the skin:
a.
you must always avoid sparking
c.
apply product to the client's face
b.
the client holds the electrode
d.
hold your finger on the electrode
 

52. 

In indirect high-frequency application, the client holds the electrode while the cosmetologist:
a.
prepares for the next procedure
c.
massages the face
b.
moves it over the face
d.
applies product to the face
 

53. 

The application of light rays to the skin to treat disorders is known as:
a.
cataphoresis
c.
heat therapy
b.
electrotherapy
d.
light therapy
 

54. 

Ultraviolet light:
a.
increases oil and perspiration production
b.
produces vitamin D in the skin
c.
improves dry, scaly skin
d.
produces little heat
 

55. 

The application of infrared light:
a.
produces germicidal effects
b.
improves skin tone
c.
increases elimination of waste products
d.
dilates blood vessels and increases circulation
 

56. 

The two basic types of facials are corrective and:
a.
acne
c.
cleansing
b.
moisturizing
d.
preservative
 

57. 

It is best to remove facial products from containers with:
a.
your fingers
c.
a spoon
b.
a tissue
d.
a spatula
 

58. 

When draping for a facial, one towel is placed on the back of the facial bed and one across the:
a.
client's legs
c.
client's feet
b.
client's chest
d.
top of the client's head
 

59. 

Optional steps in a facial are exfoliation and eyebrow arching, which would be performed:
a.
after cleanser is removed from the face
b.
before the face is cleansed
c.
after the face is steamed
d.
after makeup is removed
 

60. 

When using infrared rays or any other light therapy:
a.
expose the face for at least 10 minutes
b.
apply a treatment mask first
c.
cover the client's eyes with eye pads
d.
cover the client's face with gauze
 

61. 

In a facial for oily skin, after removing blackheads, apply:
a.
massage cream
c.
a mud mask
b.
astringent
d.
cool towels
 

62. 

When you have started facial manipulations on a client, use feather-like movements:
a.
for the last movement on the face
c.
for the “headache” movement
b.
for the first movements
d.
if you need to remove your hands
 

63. 

The last product to be applied in a basic facial is usually:
a.
tonic lotion or freshener
c.
treatment mask
b.
moisturizer or sunscreen
d.
massage cream
 

64. 

The cosmetologist's role is to work closely with the client's physician if the client has:
a.
acne
c.
eczema
b.
dry skin
d.
oily skin
 

65. 

Massage movements, when properly and skillfully applied, benefit the skin by:
a.
increasing circulation
c.
warming the skin
b.
removing debris
d.
forcing cream into the skin
 

66. 

To make sure a facial service is relaxing for the client, make sure:
a.
the towels are always hot
c.
you massage the skin aggressively
b.
your hands are warm and smooth
d.
you keep the conversation going
 

67. 

You are likely to make your clients unhappy with your facial service if:
a.
they do not hear soft music
c.
they see too many products
b.
you run out of products
d.
you tell them about future promotions
 

68. 

The therapeutic use of essential oils is called:
a.
psychotherapy
c.
hydrotherapy
b.
aromatherapy
d.
massage therapy
 

69. 

In a facial for oily skin, when you remove blackheads from the skin:
a.
use your fingernails to squeeze
c.
use your thumbs to squeeze
b.
use bare hands for better control
d.
press from under the follicle
 

70. 

When applying faradic or sinusoidal currents, the insertion of the muscle is where you place:
a.
the client's hand
c.
the cathode
b.
your hand
d.
the anode
 



 
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